The Modern Jazz Quartet

Concorde-LP-OJC-002

Concorde

  • Release Date: 02 Sep 2014
  • OJC-002

After issuing 10" EPs for several years, Concorde (1955) marked two significant touchstones in the five-plus-decade career of the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ). One of those was the replacement of co-founder Kenny Clarke (drums) with former Lester Young quintet member Connie Kay (drums), who joined in time for the other hallmark -- this, the MJQ's very first full-length long-player. Kay remained with the combo for the better part of four decades, until his passing in 1994. The transition bet… MORE

MORE RELEASES FROM THE MODERN JAZZ QUARTET

“I was the engineer on the recording sessions and I also made the masters for the original LP issues of these albums. Since the advent of… More

"Django" is perhaps John Lewis's best known composition. Certainly it is one of his most durable, having been played and recorded many… More

Here is a portrait on four discs, spanning the years 1952 to 1985, of the Modern Jazz Quartet at the beginning and near the end of their reign… More

Milt Jackson, John Lewis, Percy Heath, Connie Kay Recorded June 1985. More

The MJQ disbanded in 1974 after 20 years as the Modern Jazz Quartet and two previous ones as the Milt Jackson Quartet. It was one of the… More

The earlier MJQ sessions were released on 78s, 45s, EPs, and 10-inch LPs. Later they were collated on 12-inch LPs. This was the first session done… More

"Django" is perhaps John Lewis's best known composition. Certainly it is one of his most durable, having been played and recorded many… More

Special offer for beautifully packaged Japan import while supplies last. More

Milt Jackson, John Lewis, Percy Heath, Connie Kay, Kenny Clarke with Sonny Rollins More

ABOUT THE MODERN JAZZ QUARTET

The Modern Jazz Quartet

 

The Modern Jazz Quartet was a major jazz institution, a band that, counting a seven-year “vacation,” lasted 43 years. During a time when jazz musicians were stereotyped as unreliable, rarely sober and erratic, the MJQ played at concert halls while wearing tuxedos. They are not known to have ever been late, missed a gig, or disappointed an audience.




The Modern Jazz Quartet’s evolution began in the Dizzy Gillespie big band of 1946. Due to the complexity of the charts and the strain that it caused in the trumpet section, Gillespie featured his rhythm section on an occasional number. Vibraphonist Milt Jackson (1923-1999), pianist John Lewis (1920-2001), bassist Ray Brown (1926-2002) and drummer Kenny Clarke (1914-1985) made for a very self-sufficient group and they discovered that they had a great deal of musical chemistry. That was not too surprising considering that Jackson was the new pacesetter among vibraphonists, Lewis offered a sparse and bluesy but boppish alternative to Bud Powell, Brown was a major new bass soloist, and Clarke had revolutionized the drums.




A few years passed and in 1951 the Milt Jackson Quartet was formed with those four players. Brown soon left to join Oscar Peterson and was succeeded by Percy Heath (1923-2005), the oldest of the Heath brothers who had also worked with Dizzy Gillespie and the other bop greats. The MJQ made their recording debut in 1952 for the Prestige label and their first successes were for that label.




The four-CD box set The Complete Modern Jazz Quartet Prestige & Pablo Recordings has all of the MJQ’s early recordings, as do the individual CDs MJQ, Django, and Concorde. From the start, the Modern Jazz Quartet’s sound and style were in place. Mixing together the influences of Bach and Charlie Parker, with Lewis’s basic blues playing reminiscent of Count Basie and Jackson adding a great deal of soul to the music, the MJQ was always a unique group. Among their early recordings are Lewis’s “Django,” “La Ronde,” “One Bass Hit,” and an inventive reworking of “Softly, As in a Morning Sunrise.”




In 1955 the Modern Jazz Quartet had their one personnel change. Kenny Clarke, feeling restricted by the format, departed and was replaced by Connie Kay (1927-1994). Kay, who had played with Lester Young, Miles Davis, Coleman Hawkins, and Charlie Parker, was perfect for the role as drummer with the MJQ. His emphasis on creating quiet sounds while keeping time fit Lewis’s conception perfectly.




The MJQ spent the majority of its existence recording for the Atlantic label and it was one of the most successful jazz groups of the 1950s and ’60s. By 1974, however, Milt Jackson was itching to expand on his own solo career and he quit the group. Since replacing Jackson was unthinkable, the MJQ called it quits after a final round of sold-out concerts. Each of the musicians remained active, with Percy Heath joining his siblings in the Heath Brothers, Connie Kay working with Benny Goodman, John Lewis heading his own combos, and Milt Jackson recording constantly with all-stars on the Pablo label.




After seven years, in 1981 Milt Jackson finally gave in, rejoining the reunited Modern Jazz Quartet. The group signed with Pablo and continued where they left off, recording Reunion at Budokan, Together Again at Montreux Jazz, Echoes, and Topsy: This One’s For Basie during 1981-1985. All of the music is available in the single CDs and also in the Prestige/Pablo boxed set. Among the selections are a new version of “Django,” “Odds Against Tomorrow,” “Bags’ New Groove,” “The Watergate Blues,” “Reunion Blues,” and “Rockin’ in Rhythm.”




Although the musicians had continued growing, the MJQ sound was unchanged while gradually moving forward. The group had further successes and underwent constant touring until Connie Kay’s health began to fail. He was replaced initially by Mickey Roker and passed away in 1994. After Albert “Tootie” Heath had a short stint in Kay’s spot, the Modern Jazz Quartet quietly passed into history in 1995.